By David Chandler
From precedent days, Europe has been formed and re-shaped by means of army campaigns related to greater than 2000 battles. With the aid of a workforce of individuals, David Chandler has assembled a entire advisor to 245 battlefields, giving simple evidence concerning situation, old context and the target of every engagement, info of the opposing forces, casualties and end result, and an invaluable bibliography pertaining to each one.
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Joffre, in the meantime, by a clever appreciation of strategy, built up a new 6th A r m y on the west of Paris u n d e r General M a n o u r y , which, supported by General Galliéni, governor of Paris, struck at the G e r m a n right flank. To meet this von Kluck drew forces from his centre a n d left, a n d created a 30-mile g a p , filled only by cavalry, between h i m a n d von Bulow's a n d G e r m a n A r m y on his left. F. a n d some French forces pushed forward. F. advanced none too vigorously into t h e vitals of the G e r m a n right wing; b u t the British were the only a r m y to cross the M a r n e before the German retreat; the only Allied force which advanced continuously throughout the four days from 5 to the 8 of September; a n d because of it the Germans found it necessary to retreat from the River M a r n e , a n d they found no secure resting-place till they reached the northern side of the river Aisne.
C. Mons (and Le Cateau and the Marne) (B****) Date: 23 August-8 September 1914. Location: The initial action was fought along the banks of the Mons22 Conde Canal, but the final crisis took place ioo miles to the south on the River Marne. 19. War and campaign: The First World War; Flanders Campaign of 1914 (see p. 381). Object of the action: The German army was attempting to break through the left flank of the Allied armies and envelop them. F. and Marshal Joffre leading the French, (b) 1st and 2nd German Armies under von Kluck and von Bulow.
Work of Fiction (on the period): Thackeray, W. , The History of Henry Esmond, London, 1852. T h e Battle of O u d e n a r d e came in the nick of time to rally the morale of the G r a n d Alliance after a series of disasters which lasted throughout 1707 a n d into the early m o n t h s of 1708. T h e Duke of Marlborough was extremely despondent a b o u t the general situation until he was joined by Prince Eugene (though not the I m p e r i a l A r m y ) on 9 J u l y at Aasche. Heartened by the Prince's robust confidence, Marlborough devised a bold plan to defeat Vendôme's a r m y as it prepared to besiege O u d e n a r d e .
A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe by David Chandler