By Gary B. Borders
On October 17, 1902, in Nacogdoches, Texas, a black guy named James Buchanan was once attempted with no illustration, condemned, and done for the homicide of a white kin - all during 3 hours. white males performed pivotal roles in those occasions: invoice Haltom, a number one neighborhood Democrat and the editor of the "Nacogdoches Sentinel", who condemned lynching yet defended lynch mobs, and A. J. Spradley, a Populist sheriff who, using hundreds and hundreds of kingdom militiamen, slightly controlled to maintain the mob from burning Buchanan alive, in simple terms to escort him to the gallows following his abbreviated trial. each one man's tale serves to light up part of the trail that ended in the bad parody of justice which lies on the center of "A striking in Nacogdoches". The flip of the 20th century was once a time of dramatic swap for the folk of East Texas. anxious by way of the Populist Party's makes an attempt to unite negative blacks and whites in a fight for fiscal justice, white Democrats defended their strength base via exploiting racial tensions in a conflict that eventually led to the entire disenfranchisement of the black inhabitants of East Texas. In telling the tale of a unmarried lynching, Gary Borders dramatically illustrates the way in which politics and race mixed to carry terrible violence to small southern cities like Nacogdoches.
Read or Download A Hanging in Nacogdoches: Murder, Race, Politics, and Polemics in Texas's Oldest Town, 1870-1916 (Clifton and Shirley Caldwell Texas Heritage Series) PDF
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Additional resources for A Hanging in Nacogdoches: Murder, Race, Politics, and Polemics in Texas's Oldest Town, 1870-1916 (Clifton and Shirley Caldwell Texas Heritage Series)
He revived, however and later in the afternoon was able to walk about. The negro was struck by Linthicum in self defense, it appears from what The Sentinel could glean of the affair. It seems that some words had passed between them when the negro became very offensive and was in the act of attacking Linthicum with a knife, when the latter picked up a hatchet and struck him. The affair occurred at the little grocery store of T. C. 13 It should come as no surprise that Linthicum was never prosecuted for the assault, according to Nacogdoches County district court records.
But President Andrew Johnson dashed those hopes when his Reconstruction policy restored all their property (with the exception of slaves) to ex-Confederates. There was some acreage available to freedmen in other Southern states, both from land that had been abandoned before or during the war and was not reclaimed, and through homesteading programs. 37 That meant, in East Texas in particular, there would be little land for sale to, or for homesteading by, the few blacks who had any means of purchasing it.
More than half the white farmers owned their farms, according to census statistics, although less than a third of black farmers did. 1 Relatively few people worked in the 101 manufacturing establishments listed in the county—314 in all, earning an average annual wage of $285, about a third less than the state’s average wage for that type of work. 2 In a special edition of the Sentinel published in the fall of 1902 and designed to lure new investment and residents, Haltom said there were 40 } A Murder, a Manhunt, a Trial, and an Execution roughly 125 “school houses” in the county, educating roughly 3,900 white children and about 1,800 black children—in separate facilities, of course.
A Hanging in Nacogdoches: Murder, Race, Politics, and Polemics in Texas's Oldest Town, 1870-1916 (Clifton and Shirley Caldwell Texas Heritage Series) by Gary B. Borders