By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly often called the heartland of the fairway Revolution, for its early adoption of contemporary rice varieties), has skilled dramatic monetary and social adjustments over the last 3 many years. along with the main advances in new rice know-how, 4 significant forces have triggered swap: expanding inhabitants strain on restricted land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure corresponding to irrigation and roads, and penetration of city fiscal actions. a special facts set generated from 11 surveys in the course of 1966-97 in a customary village in Laguna, as prepare during this publication, illustrates a development of socio-economic switch shared via many irrigated rice parts within the Philippines in addition to in different Asian economies.
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The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly often called the heartland of the golf green Revolution, for its early adoption of contemporary rice varieties), has skilled dramatic fiscal and social alterations over the last 3 many years. along with the key advances in new rice know-how, 4 significant forces have triggered swap: expanding inhabitants strain on constrained land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure comparable to irrigation and roads, and penetration of city financial actions.
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Extra resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
This work- and income-sharing norm was created under the traditional conditions of relative land abundance and high production risk inherent in rainfed farming, but it has continued to be maintained despite rapid decreases in land–labour ratios, and shifts from rainfed to irrigated farming systems (Chapter 6). MODERNIZING FORCES East Laguna Village appears to be as dormant under the shade of coconut trees today as it was when we first visited it in the 1970s. Under the surface, however, its economy and social organization have experienced dramatic changes.
Kikuchi Note: a c:fairy complete data collected; 1:limited data collected; n:data not available. Reconnaissance on agrarian structure and rural life Baseline survey for a recordkeeping project With major focus on land tenture and community institutions With major focus on labour migration, mainly for the dry season Follow-up of the 1980 survey for the wet season With major focus on effects of land reform Baseline survey for a rural poverty project With major additional focus on non-farm activities Follow-up of the 1995 survey for rice farming, with the focus on irrigation With the focus on marketing of output/inputs in rice farming Exclusive focus on demographic variables Approach to a Village 17 to provide quantitative support for his geographical and sociological accounts of the Philippine rural sector.
251–4). How to organize collective action to conserve and augment local commons and, in particular, irrigation systems, has thus become their central concern. Community norms have been developed to penalize free-riders in the enhancement and maintenance of the critical local infrastructure needed to increase output and employment at a pace consistent with population growth. Communities are ‘tightly structured’ in the sense that both geographical and social borders between one village and others are unambiguously demarcated, and that rights and obligations are clearly assigned to individual households relative to others within the village (Ohkama and Kikuchi, 1996).
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi