By Neil Pearce Centre for Public Health Research Massey University
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Additional info for A Short Introduction to Epidemiology 2nd Edition, 2005
In particular, it enables us to take the population context of exposure into account (Pearce, 2000). However, it should be stressed that multilevel modelling is complex, and requires intensive consideration of possible biases at the population level, as well as at the individual level (Blakely and Woodward, 2000). 7 Yen and Kaplan (1999) conducted a multi-level analysis of neighbourhood social environment and risk of death in the Alameda County Study, comprising 6,928 noninstitutionalised adult residents of the County recruited in 1965.
Int J Epidemiol 1999; 28: S1015-8. Von Mutius E, Pearce N, Beasley R, Cheng S, Von Ehrenstein O, Björkstén B, Weiland S, on behalf of the ISAAC Steering Committee (2000). International patterns of tuberculosis and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis and eczema. Thorax 55: 449-53. Pearce N (2000). The ecologic fallacy strikes back. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2000; 54: 326-7. Pearce N, Davey Smith G (2003). Is social capital the key to inequalities in health? Am J Publ Health 93: 122-9. Wessen AF, Hooper A, Huntsman J, et al (1992).
6) are avoided by using multilevel modelling (Greenland, 2000, 2002). g. g. per capita national income, or income inequality). This approach therefore combines the best features of individual level analyses and population-level analyses. In particular, it enables us to take the population context of exposure into account (Pearce, 2000). However, it should be stressed that multilevel modelling is complex, and requires intensive consideration of possible biases at the population level, as well as at the individual level (Blakely and Woodward, 2000).
A Short Introduction to Epidemiology 2nd Edition, 2005 by Neil Pearce Centre for Public Health Research Massey University