By Rachel G. Fuchs
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Extra info for Abandoned children: foundlings and child welfare in nineteenth-century France
Unwanted or abandoned children can survive only through their support by a family or by some system of social welfare. Any child who lives beyond birth does so only through his or her dependency on another human being. When mothers or fathers do not, for whatever the reason, accept responsibility, someone else must do so in order for the child to continue to exist. Child abandonment was a serious problem in nineteenth-century France, and the problem was most acute in Paris, the nation's largest and fastest growing city.
Les Enfants Trouvés, by Marlet. 141 11. La Nourricerie Modèle from L'Illustration. 141 12. Entrance to l'Hôpital Saint Vincent-de-Paul, 1977. 149 13. Chapel of l'Hôpital Saint Vincent-de-Paul, 1977. 150 14. Main building of l'Hôpital Saint Vincent-de-Paul, 1977. 151 15. Courtyard of l'Hôpital Saint Vincent-de-Paul with inhabitants of the institution, 1977. 152 16. Courtyard of l'Hôpital Saint Vincent-de-Paul with statue of St. Vincent in center, 1977. 153 17. Voiture servant au transport des nourrices de l'Hospice des Enfants Trouvés de Paris, by Henri Pottin.
Knowledge of where the pregnancy and birth occurred was therefore important in fixing financial liability. The declarations also aimed at finding the father and making him pay for child support, or marry the mother, and thus reduce the expense borne by the community and local notables for the illegitimate children within their jurisdiction. Implementation of the ordinance was sporadic, and it fell into disuse in the eighteenth century. In the nineteenth century, the Page 6 provisions of the Ordinance of Moulins reappeared, in spirit, when officials of public assistance needed to know the place of birth, since the maintenance of the abandoned child was the responsibility of the department in which the child was born.
Abandoned children: foundlings and child welfare in nineteenth-century France by Rachel G. Fuchs