By James Hogg
This publication considers the ways that 388 males secured posts within the Scottish universities 1690-1806, from the purge following the Revolution of 1688 to the tip of Henry Dundas's political profession. so much professors have been political appointees vetted and supported via political factions and their leaders. This learn considers the politics of patronage appointments on the universities in Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews. The enhancing time table of political buyers and of these they served is taken into account and its relation to the Scottish Enlightenment is explored.Emerson argues that what used to be taking place in Scotland was once additionally happening in different components of Europe the place, in fairly independent localities, elite buyers additionally formed issues as they wanted them to be. In contemplating the origins and aid for the Enlightenment, the jobs of buyers may be thought of. This paintings is predicated on a lot archival learn and provides considerably to what's identified concerning the Scottish professoriat throughout the interval. For a few its arguments should be of significance; for others it is going to function an invaluable reference paintings at the universities, one that provides a lot to what's recognized approximately them.
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Maxwell had been imprisoned, fined, forfeited and then made a Privy Councillor by William III. From 1696 until 1702 he would serve as one of the Lords of Treasury and a judge of the Court of Session (1699–d). 40 Maxwell and Steuart defended the College’s interests for a generation. Other ties ran to friends who were not relatives. 41 Simson was minister of the town and a man well connected to the Presbyterian nobility of the West of Scotland. He remained dean until 1695. His son, John, became professor of divinity.
4 The bases for that interest were the regius chairs. In 1690 the Crown at Glasgow appointed only the principal; by 1806 it named the principal and professors of ecclesiastical history, law, anatomy and botany, medicine and astronomy. If a manager stayed long in power, he could build up a professorial clientele which was likely to do his bidding for a while after he had lost power. Usually the professors expressed an opinion about those appointments but they belonged to the Crown and it was thought somewhat improper to try to determine the nomination, although the College expected its choice to be considered by the politicians.
34 Coutts, History, 1909, p. 170. The names of the other candidates are given in GUA, 46761. Knibloe may have been related to the Edinburgh printers having that surname. 35 See Mijers, ‘Scotland and the United Provinces’, Chapter 3. 36 John Stirling to John Erskine, Earl of Mar, 17 January 1709, Mar and Kellie Papers, NAS, GD124/15/948/1. 37 It is not clear which duke the masters approached but it was probably Queensberry since he was HM Commissioner in that year. The plan to force the teaching of Greek in the first or ‘bejun’ year was a Kirk plan.
Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment by James Hogg