By Laura Frost, Michael R. Reich, Tadataka Yamada, Beth Anne Pratt, Alan Fenwick, Howard Thompson
many folks in constructing international locations lack entry to health and wellbeing applied sciences, even easy ones. Why do those difficulties in entry persist? What might be performed to enhance entry to solid healthiness applied sciences, specifically for bad humans in terrible international locations?
This ebook solutions these questions by means of constructing a accomplished analytical framework for entry and reading six case stories to give an explanation for why a few health and wellbeing applied sciences completed extra entry than others. The applied sciences comprise praziquantel (for the therapy of schistosomiasis), hepatitis B vaccine, malaria swift diagnostic exams, vaccine vial screens for temperature publicity, the Norplant implant contraceptive, and feminine condoms. in line with learn experiences commissioned through the invoice & Melinda Gates origin to higher comprehend the improvement, adoption, and uptake of future health applied sciences in negative international locations, the e-book concludes with particular classes on innovations to enhance entry. those classes should be of willing curiosity to scholars of future health and improvement, public health and wellbeing execs, and future health expertise developers—all who search to enhance entry to health and wellbeing applied sciences in bad nations.
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Extra info for Access: How Do Good Health Technologies Get to Poor People in Poor Countries? (Harvard Series on Population and International Health)
More importantly, the barriers and facilitators will vary in the phases and will require different strategies for ensuring successful access. Each case study in this volume focuses on one or more phases of access and draws out the phase-specific barriers, facilitators, and strategies for ensuring access. Using the Framework The framework presented in this chapter can be used both as an explanatory and a prescriptive tool. In its explanatory application, analysts can use the framework to identify the activities, actors, and barriers to access in past efforts at expanding product access.
The drug’s low price, combined with its relatively small market, also meant that companies did not actively market or promote it to central purchasers. These examples show both the importance of product price and the complexity of its influence. What factors influence a technology’s price? A technology’s price consists of the manufacturer’s selling price plus all the add-on costs, such as import tariffs, wholesale and retail mark-ups, and sales and value-added taxes. The manufacturer’s selling price is based on costs of research, development, production, and marketing, plus profits.
Kenneth H. Mayer and H. F. Pizer (San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press, 2005). 27 Reich and Bery. 28 Levine. 29 Rajesh Gupta, Alexander Irwin, Mario C. Raviglione, and Jim Yong Kim, “Scaling-Up Treatment for HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned from Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis,” Lancet 363 (2004): 320–324. , Guidelines for Establishing DOTS-Plus Pilot Projects for the Management of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (Geneva: WHO, 2001). 31 Ilavenil Ramiah and Michael R. Reich, “Public-Private Partnerships and Antiretroviral Drugs for HIV/AIDS: Lessons from Botswana,” Health Affairs 24 (2005): 545–551.
Access: How Do Good Health Technologies Get to Poor People in Poor Countries? (Harvard Series on Population and International Health) by Laura Frost, Michael R. Reich, Tadataka Yamada, Beth Anne Pratt, Alan Fenwick, Howard Thompson