By Shirley A. Hill
In the context of starting to be variety, Shirley A. Hill examines the paintings mom and dad do in elevating their teenagers. in line with interviews and survey info, African American Children comprises blacks of assorted social sessions in addition to a comparative pattern of whites. It covers significant components of kid socialization: educating values, self-discipline suggestions, gender socialization, racial socialization, prolonged households -- displaying how either race and sophistication make a distinction, and emphasizing styles that problem latest examine that perspectives black households as a monolithic staff.
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Extra resources for African American Children: Socialization and Development in Families
During that same year, 9 % o f white families and 2 7 % o f black families had incomes b e l o w the poverty level. In terms o f education, 2 4 % o f whites had obtained a four-year college degree or m o r e , compared with only 1 3 % o f blacks. W h i l e acknowledging the interactive and overlapping nature o f caste, class, and culture, I organize this chapter by examining each factor separately and tying each to a particular historical period. I begin the chapter by examining black parents and their children from slavery until the early twentieth century, when the racial caste system structured black-white relations.
Black families are not all headed by single women. . Far too many black families are certainly poor, but the majority of black families are not poor. (p. 74) Despite this challenge, existing research on black children and parenting focuses largely on social problems and is skewed toward low-income families, providing little analysis o f the normal growth and development o f African American children in diverse social backgrounds. It is important to note that this diversity is not fully captured by class distinctions or the variety o f family structures that exist among blacks.
T h e median ages o f marriage are 2 7 and 2 5 for m e n and w o m e n , respectively, and unmarrieds n o w represent nearly 4 0 % o f the population over the age o f 18 (Saluter, 1 9 9 4 ) . In 1 9 9 0 , only 1 7 % o f previously single brides were teenagers, a decrease o f 4 2 % since 1 9 7 0 (Clarke, 1 9 9 5 ) . And the overall rate o f fertility declined from 2 . , 1 9 9 5 ) . Delayed marriage and childbearing, and high rates o f divorce, have led t o m o r e nonmarital sex and pregnancy, m o r e single-mother families, and m o r e poverty.
African American Children: Socialization and Development in Families by Shirley A. Hill