By Seyyed Hossein Nasr
This can be the one booklet to accommodate classical Islamic cosmology because it was once formulated through the Ikhwan al-S'afa al Biruni and Ibn Sina in the course of the 10th and 11th centuries. those figures stimulated the entire later centuries of Islamic background and actually created the cosmological framework in which all later medical job within the Islamic global was once carried out--the enduring picture of the cosmos in which Muslims have lived up to now millennium.
Nasr writes from in the Islamic culture and demonstrates how, in accordance with the lessons of the Quran and the Prophet, the figures handled during this paintings built-in components drawn from a number of old faculties of philosophy and the sciences. This ebook is exclusive in its remedy of classical Islamic cosmology as visible from in the Islamic world-view and offers a key for realizing of conventional Islamic thought.
“…the quantity of educational literature dedicated to the best way in which Muslims in classical and medieval Islam expected the cosmos is negligible. There are, besides the fact that, a few noteworthy exceptions. An advent to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines is one in every of them.” — Parabola
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Extra info for An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines
This new Shi'ite caliphate in turn played an important role in the fostering of the arts and sciences and the establishment of schools in which the scientific disciplines were taught. 40 As a result of this brief survey of the history of the Muslim lands during the 4th/10th and 5th/11th centuries we have discovered that 39 The name of this family in Persian is Biiyih, "oe" being a middle Persian sound which appears in many Persian names such as Babiiyih, Muskfiyih, and so on. Since this sound does not exist in Arabic, it has been transformed into "awaih" or "uwaih" by Arabic writers, hence Ibn Miskawaih, Buwaihids, and so on.
13 See introduction by S. H. Nasr to Science and Civilization in Islam (New York, 1970). 8 PROLOGUE Aside from these general considerations regarding the Islamic attitude toward Nature and the sciences, a word must also be said about the character of the Arabic language as the vehicle of both the Revelation and most of the Muslim sciences. This language, which is without doubt the lingua franca of the Islamic world as well as the sacred language of Islam, has not only a precision which makes it an excellent instrument for scientific discourse but also an inner dimension which enables it to be the perfect vehicle for the expression of the most esoteric forms of knowledge.
Ibn al-Qifti, giving his own view, considers the Ikhwan as followers of the school of the Mu'tazilah, which was rationalistic in its approach. 6 Ibn Taimiyah, the J:lanbali jurist, on the other hand, tends toward the other extreme in relating the Ikhwan to the Nu~airis, who are as far removed from the rationalists as almost any group to be found in Islam. " 8 Considering the great respect paid to the Rasa' il by the Isma'ilis, 9 the extensive use of them, particularly in the Yemen, and the fact that 4 AI-Tawbidi, Risiilah fi' l-$idiiqah wa' l-$adiq (Constantinople, 1301 , pp.
An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines by Seyyed Hossein Nasr