By Christopher M. Sterba
One of the american citizens who joined the ranks of the Doughboys combating global battle I have been hundreds of thousands of America's most modern citizens. reliable americans examines the contributions of Italian and Jewish immigrants, either at the homefront and abroad, within the nice warfare. whereas dwelling in robust, insular groups, either teams confronted a barrage of calls for to take part in a clash that have been raging of their domestic international locations for almost 3 years. Italians and Jews "did their bit" in aid, recruitment, conservation, and warfare bond campaigns, whereas immigrants and second-generation ethnic squaddies fought at the Western entrance. inside a yr of the Armistice, they discovered themselves redefined as foreigners and perceived as a huge possibility to American lifestyles, instead of remembered as members in its safety. Wartime stories, Christopher Sterba argues, served to deeply politicize first and moment new release immigrants, drastically accelerating their transformation from fairly powerless newbies to a big political strength within the usa through the New Deal and past.
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Extra info for Good Americans: Italian and Jewish Immigrants During the First World War
Through the 1880s American Gentiles shared many of the stereotypes and prejudices prevalent in Europe in constructing their image of the Jew: the Jew as a Shylock, whose riches did not depend on the sweat of one’s brow; the Jew as a mysterious ﬁgure, self-segregating and bearing loyalty to no nation; and the Jew as Christ-killer. But the small numbers and ease in assimilation that marked the Jewish population before the tidal wave from eastern Europe had kept Jews from becoming a major object of attention and scorn.
Major employers allotted huge sums for each fund drive, set up “associations” to help workers pay for bonds, and staged ﬂag-raising ceremonies complete with bands and orators. 23 The press also made sure to keep the city war engine churning. 24 The papers uniformly, and loudly, supported all of the local mobilization activities and depicted the European war as a struggle between a rapacious, immoral regime and a humane alliance of peace-loving democracies. Editorials seethed at the atrocities of “Kaiserism” and “Kultur,” while news articles tauntingly reported affronts to the American government, its people, and its military capabilities.
38 A very different set of experiences forged the eastern European immigrants’ consciousness. For the majority from Russia and Poland, anti-Semitic persecution was far greater than what had existed in preuniﬁcation Germany. Russian Jews faced the threat of mob terror in addition to discriminatory THE HEYDAY OF THE NEW IMMIGRANT ENCLAVE ✯ laws. In the decades of mass migration tens of thousands suffered the brutality of pogroms, mass arrests, and forced removal to the Pale of Settlement, and were extremely fearful of conscription into the czar’s armies.
Good Americans: Italian and Jewish Immigrants During the First World War by Christopher M. Sterba