By Alice Driver
More or much less Dead analyzes how such violence opposed to ladies has been represented in information media, books, movies, images, and artwork. Alice motive force argues that a number of the cultural studies frequently show nervousness or feedback approximately how girls traverse and inhabit the geography of Ciudad Juárez and additional the belief of the general public woman physique as hypersexualized. instead of looking for justice, some of the media—art, images, or even graffiti—often reuse victimized our bodies in sensationalist, interesting methods. on the way to counteract such perspectives, neighborhood activists mark town with graffiti and memorials that create a dwelling reminiscence of the violence and check out to humanize the sufferers of those crimes.
The word “more or much less useless” used to be coined by way of Chilean writer Roberto Bolaño in his novel 2666, a penetrating fictional examine of Juárez. driving force explains that sufferers are “more or much less useless” simply because their our bodies are by no means chanced on or aren’t safely pointed out, leaving households with an uncertainty lasting for decades—or forever.
The author’s transparent, exact journalistic kind tackles the ethics of representing feminicide sufferers in Ciudad Juárez. creating a contrast among the phrases “femicide” (the homicide of ladies or girls) and “feminicide” (murder as a gender-driven event), certainly one of her interviewees says, “Women are killed for being ladies, and they're sufferers of masculine violence simply because they're ladies. it's a crime of hate opposed to the feminine gender. those are crimes of power.”
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In Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, humans disappear, their our bodies dumped in abandoned urban plenty or jettisoned within the unforgiving wilderness. All too a lot of them are girls. kind of useless analyzes how such violence opposed to ladies has been represented in information media, books, motion pictures, images, and paintings. Alice motive force argues that some of the cultural reviews frequently convey anxiousness or feedback approximately how girls traverse and inhabit the geography of Ciudad Juárez and additional the belief of the general public lady physique as hypersexualized.
Additional resources for More or Less Dead: Feminicide, Haunting, and the Ethics of Representation in Mexico
It is also where immigrant populations are concentrated” (Trama de una injusticia 61). Residents’ lives are cut short by violence that reduces the average life-span. Works of cultural production pose the question: To what extent are such fleeting lives represented in memory discourse, in the community of Juárez and beyond? Addressing this issue in the present study, I analyze fiction and nonfiction works, photography, documentary films, and art produced in response to feminicide between 1998 and 2008.
One of the central problems in Juárez and in other emerging areas where feminicide is rising, such as in Oaxaca and Guatemala City, is that the circumstances of women’s deaths are not recorded. Women are murdered, but few advances are made in understanding the underlying causes of their deaths or how to prevent such violence in the future. This discussion of terminology is also relevant because, over the course of the two years I spent researching and writing this study, the term femicide evolved into feminicide in academic circles, and that evolution touched off debates among academics and cultural producers alike.
How has cultural production worked to change the sexist discourse around feminicide, one that blames women for inhabiting public space, for walking alone, and for going out at night? In my analysis of cultural production, I argue that representations of feminicide victims in documentary film, novels, nonfiction, art, and graffiti express anxiety about how women traverse and inhabit the geography of Juárez, often giving precedence to the idea of the public female body as hypersexualized. 9 In addition, my analysis relies on interviews that put academics, writers, filmmakers, photographers, journalists, and artists into conversation about feminicide.
More or Less Dead: Feminicide, Haunting, and the Ethics of Representation in Mexico by Alice Driver