By Kathleen Fitzpatrick
Educational associations are dealing with a predicament in scholarly publishing at a number of degrees: presses are under pressure as by no means prior to, library budgets are squeezed, school are having hassle publishing their paintings, and promoting and tenure committees are dealing with a number new methods of operating with no transparent feel of ways to appreciate and review them. deliberate Obsolescence is either a provocation to imagine extra widely concerning the academy's destiny and a controversy for re-conceiving that destiny in additional communally-oriented methods. dealing with those concerns head-on, Kathleen Fitzpatrick makes a speciality of the technological changeso particularly larger usage of net e-book applied sciences, together with electronic documents, social networking instruments, and multimediaonecessary to permit educational publishing to thrive into the longer term. yet she is going extra, insisting that the main matters that needs to be addressed are social and institutional in beginning. Confronting a change-averse academy, she insists that prior to we will be able to effectively switch the platforms wherein we disseminate learn, students needs to think again their methods of workingohow they learn, write, and reviewowhile directors needs to re-examine the needs of publishing and the position it performs in the college. Springing from unique learn in addition to Fitzpatrick's personal hands-on experiments in new modes of scholarly conversation via MediaCommons, the electronic scholarly community she co-founded, deliberate Obsolescence explores all of those points of scholarly paintings, in addition to matters surrounding the protection of electronic scholarship and where of publishing in the constitution of the modern college. Written in an approachable kind designed to deliver directors and students right into a dialog, deliberate Obsolescence explores either symptom and healing to make sure that scholarly conversation will stay vivid and correct within the electronic destiny.
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Additional info for Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy
Once the usual confidential peer-review process is complete, the public ‘open peer review’ process will be closed. Editors will then read all comments on the manuscript and invite authors to respond. At the end of the process, as part of the trial, editors will assess the value of the public comments” (Campbell 2006). ” The statistics cited by the editors indicate serious issues in the open system they implemented: only 5 percent of authors who submitted work during the trial agreed to have their papers opened to public comment; of those papers, only 54 percent (or 38 out of 71) received substantive comments.
Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI), for instance, has a two-stage process, with a three-month open review stage followed by a speedy up-or-down refereeing stage (with some time for revisions, if desired, in between). This process, the editors acknowledge, has produced some complications in the notion of “publication,” as the texts in the open review stage are already freely available online; in some sense, the journal itself has become a vehicle for republishing selected articles.
Scholars pour countless hours into peer review each year, time which is not only usually uncompensated but which also results in a product for which reviewers can receive no “credit,” as peer reviews, unlike post-publication reviews, cannot be counted among the reviewer’s published work. For all of these reasons, I suggest that the time has come for us to consider whether we might all be better served by separating the question of credentialing from the publishing process, by allowing everything through the gate, and by designing a postpublication peer-review process that focuses on how a scholarly text should be received rather than whether it should be out there in the first place.
Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy by Kathleen Fitzpatrick